By Saima Ghazanfar, WEEKLY PULSE MAGAZINE, February 03, 2014
Israeli’s policy to set ablaze innocent people has been resonating back with Muslims. Once Ariel Sharon endorsed and put on, “Arabs may have the oil, but we have the matches.” Israel is trying to light its matches again to start another war in the Middle East against Iran through war weary Americans.
Now the question arises, will the superpower of the world follow Israel’s dictation and let Congress drag them in another war while they are in the final phase to get rid of the most expensive and the most prolonged war in Afghanistan? The realistic answer must be “No!” Another war only to please Israel doesn’t favour the US at all.
A hawkish bipartisan group of the US senators on the behalf of theAmerican-Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) has introduced a ‘war oriented bill’ in the senate that implied to impose more sanctions and insisted the US would wage war against Iran if any agreement allowed Iran to sustain any enrichment capabilities and facilities. Further, the bill indicated that nuclear negotiations must result in dismantling of Iran’s nuclear fuel cycle program to be regarded a breakthrough.
Incidentally, the insolent dictating clause in the Kirk-Menendez Bill presses global power’s Capitol Hill for war and orders, “if the government of Israel is compelled to take military action in legitimate self-defense against Iran’s nuclear weapon program, the United States government should stand with Israel,” calling for “diplomatic, military and economic” support in such circumstances.
The warmongering Senate bill is tantamount to a mockery of the P5+1 utmost efforts for the long awaited deal with Iran, violation of international law and the failure of the eight years prolonged US diplomacy in the form of the Geneva interim agreement.
Reportedly, according to the Geneva interim agreement that was agreed on 20th November 2013 and comes effective on 20 January 2014, Iran is allowed to retain uranium enrichment as per NPT and to continue its activities at its nuclear sites at Arak, Fordo and Natanz. In the same vein, Iran agreed to dilute half of its stockpile of 20 percent enriched uranium to below 5pc, eschew its self deliberately away from completion of a heavy-water reactor, prohibits installation of additional centrifuges and operating most advanced centrifuges. Further, it has undertaken to allow the most intrusive international inspections regime ever of its nuclear facilities.
In return, some of the Western sanctions will be suspended; enabling Iran to have access to $US7 billion in foreign exchange, and no additional sanctions will be imposed. However, it is significant to underline that the purpose of the world’s powersare to halt Iran’s capacity to make nuclear weapons not to eliminate for the peaceful purposes.
Legally, being signatory of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) the article IV NPT has proffered fundamental right to Iran, accessing all aspects of nuclear technology for peaceful purposes, including uranium enrichment.
However, stringent sanctions now imply that the superpower would renege on its promise, not to impose more sanctions as part of the current interim deal, making it highly likely that the deal, will crumble. Moreover, it would repel Iran from the table and compel towards rigid behaviour that obstructs peaceful resolution of its nuclear programme.
The legislation of the bill would clearly mean diplomatic failure, undermining the interests of Russia and China, dishonor to accept dictation of Israel for a global power. The U.S. President Barack Obama assured Iran that the threat of force to impede Iran from acquisition of nuclear weapons will remain in the backburner for further development of negotiations
Iranian high official’s claimed sanctions illegal while giving interviews on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani condemned that “These sanctions translate into the weakening of the NPT (Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons), the weakening of international laws and regulations. No other country can decide for another country.”
Evidently, amongst 14 countries that have enriched uranium, Iran has sufferedthe worst. Figure speaks the truth. During the ratchet up sanctions, Iranian oil export declined more than 60pc; from two and half million barrel per day(bbd) in 2011 to one million bbd in 2014. Approximately, Iran has lost US$3-5 billion per month on oil export. Moreover, oil customers plummeted from 23 to 6 countries. Currently, Iran only exports oil to China, India, Japan, Taiwan, Turkey and South Korea.
In the meanwhile, Iran’s GDP shrunk 5.8 pc, estimated inflation peaked to 50 pc and unemployment reached 35 pc, according to the US state department. In direct costs Iran has already sacrificed tens of billions of dollars; $4.2 billion in frozen oil assets; the loss of revenue more than $120 billion. Indeed, suffered a cyber-attack, the murder of key scientists and engineers, and the incessant threat of war to protect right to enrich uranium.
An American expert on Iran blames the USA for the underhanded aim of Congress and escalation of situation and warns that “if the Geneva deal falls apart as a result of Congressional foul play, the world will view the United States and not Iran as the main obstacle to a nuclear agreement.
Neither sanctions nor the military strikes would achieve the US goal to wipe out the Iranian nuclear programme for ever. Indeed, the case of North Korea to retain nuclear weapons despite sanctions is a glaring jeering fact for the US. The former head of the Israeli military intelligence and one of the strikers who assaulted on the on Iraq’s Osiraq nuclear reactor in 1981warned, “An attack, no matter how successful, cannot stop Iran’s military nuclear program forever.
Indeed, after thirty-four years prolong isolation from international community, Iran has opened itself to international community and moved away from estrangement to rapprochement in plausible manner, but still has much progress to make. There are examples of Sweden, South Korea and Argentina coveted nuclear plans, whose nuclear programs have been modified for peaceful purposes instead of making bomb. The same rule can be applied at Iran.
So let’s hope 2014 sees diplomatic success, elimination of trust deficit, demonstration of responsible behaviour of the superpower in form of successful final agreement based on win-win situation and peaceful resolution of the Iran’s nuclear program instead of horrendous and destructive war.